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Google Scholar is a search engine that helps you find scholarly literature. It’s a good first step to take when you want to learn more about a topic or get a better understanding of it. It’s also great for finding academic papers, which can be useful if you’re doing research for school or work.

What is Google Scholar?

Google Scholar is a search engine that focuses on academic research. It’s a good alternative to Google Search because it focuses more on scholarly journals and publications, which are often not included in standard web searches. 

Unlike Google Search, which searches the web in general and isn’t designed to be a scholarly database, Google Scholar only searches for scholarly articles.

Google Scholar indexes over 27 million full-text documents from thousands of publishers in the sciences (over 4 million), social sciences (over 6 million), arts and humanities (over 7 million), engineering (over 3 million), and medicine (over 5 million).

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You can search through these sources using keywords or phrases. You can also use Google Scholar to find citations and links to related research. 

In addition to searching for academic content, Google Scholar also allows you to download PDFs of the articles you find. This can be a useful way to get your hands on materials that are hard to access or otherwise unavailable online.

Why it is Better than Google Search

Google Scholar is better than Google Search because it only returns results from academic journals and other scholarly publications. This means that the results are more credible and reliable than those from regular search engines like Google.

It’s also better than Google Search because it helps you find what you’re looking for more quickly and efficiently than Google Search does. When you type in a query, Google Scholar doesn’t just look at web pages like the regular Google Search does. 

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Instead, Google Scholar looks at papers, books, abstracts, patents, and other sources of academic information. It is great if you’re looking for in-depth information on a particular topic.

Google Scholar also provides citation analysis tools that help you track how often your work is cited by other researchers.

How Does Google Scholar Work?

When you use Google Scholar to search for information, you’ll see results from different types of sources: books and peer-reviewed journals. You will also find publications from scientific societies and government agencies; conference proceedings; news articles from scholarly publications like ScienceNews or Nature News; etc.

Google Scholar also uses a ranking system called “ScholarRank” that helps determine which results are more relevant than others by looking at how often they are cited in the scholarly literature (i.e., how many times other researchers cite them). That means that when you find something interesting in your search results, it might be because it was written by someone who has a lot of expertise in the topic at hand or because lots of other people have already found it useful.

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Advanced Tips for Using Google Scholar for Your Research

Search tips  in Google Scholar:

  1. How do I use the “Advanced Search”?: Use the “Advanced Search” feature to narrow down your results by type of publication and date range, among other things.
  2. How do I use academic journals?: To search only in academic journals, turn off “show all results” in the advanced settings.
  3. Where can I find related articles?: To find related articles, use the “cited by” feature in your results (it’s at the top of each citation).
  4. How do I search by specific jurisdictions?: If you’re looking for an article from a specific journal but aren’t sure which one it is, try searching for its title with quotation marks around it. Google Scholar will show you all its known titles and locations
  5. Where can I find peer-reviewed publications?: To see only peer-reviewed publications, you can filter by type of publication or just click on “peer-reviewed” under any result (you’ll see it if there are any).
  6. How do I search by Author?: Use the “Authors” search feature for more accurate results when looking for specific authors’ work (this will only work if they have linked their Google Scholar profile)

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Library tips in Google Scholar

  1. How do I add an article to my library?: You can add an article to your personal library by clicking on the “Add to Library” button that appears next to each result in the search results list. You can also add an article directly from its citation page on Google Scholar.
  2. How do I find an article in my library?: To find an article in your library, click on your profile icon at the top right corner of the screen and select “My Library.” You’ll see all the articles you’ve added to your library listed below.
  3. How do I remove an article from my library? To remove an article from your library, click on it and then click on “Remove from My Library.”
  4. How do I search for “court opinions”?: You can also use Google Scholar to search for court opinions in the United States. Just type [court opinion] into the search bar at the top of the page and then click on “scholarly journal article” as your source type. You’ll see a list of all published court cases from federal courts around the country

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A Brief History of Google Scholar 

Google Scholar is a search engine that helps people find scholarly, peer-reviewed research. The tool has been around since 2004, and it’s very popular among students, journalists, and other researchers.

The idea for Google Scholar was born at Stanford University in 2003. It was created by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, who wanted to help students find relevant scientific papers for their assignments. They pitched the idea to the university’s library staff, who were so impressed by it that they donated $1 million in funding for its development.

Google Scholar was launched in 2004 as an open-access database of academic papers and articles. Its aim was not only to help students find what they need quickly but also to make information more accessible and therefore more useful to researchers across all disciplines.

Since its launch, Google Scholar has grown to become one of the most popular tools used by academics, students, and researchers all over the world.

Read: How to Write An Abstract For Research Papers: Tips & Examples

The Scope and Limitations of Google Scholar

Google Scholar is a search engine that indexes the world’s scholarly literature. It is used by researchers, students, teachers, scientists, and librarians to find scholarly articles. Google Scholar also displays bibliographic information and abstracts on its results pages.

Google Scholar provides an alternative to Web of Science and Scopus as a tool for identifying relevant literature. However, Google Scholar has important limitations that should be considered when using it to identify relevant literature.

First, Google Scholar does not index all published journals or books, it indexes only those that have been indexed by Google itself or by other third-party indexing systems such as Microsoft Academic Search (MAS) or ProQuest Research Library (PQRL). The majority of journals in the sciences are not included in these databases, so they do not appear in Google Scholar searches; however, some large medical journals are included. 

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Second, Google Scholar does not index articles that have been removed from their original publishers’ websites. For example, if you search for an article on the American Journal of Public Health’s website but it has since been removed from their website because they no longer have permission to publish it there.

Additionally, Google Scholar doesn’t do full-text searching; it only searches the titles and abstracts of articles. You can search for full-text articles on sites like JSTOR or Project Muse if you need to see the entire article text.

Alternatives to Google Scholar

  1. Microsoft Academic Graph: This tool provides access to millions of academic publications from around the world, including books, conference proceedings, and articles in peer-reviewed journals. You can use it to find citations, related articles, and more. It also provides easy access to more than 450 million scholarly articles from many different publishers worldwide.
  2. Scopus: This database covers nearly 14 million records from more than 5,000 publishers around the world. It includes information on journal articles, books, and conference proceedings from some 4,000 international publishers. Scopus also includes links to more than 1 million abstracts and over 7 million indexed citations from other databases like PubMed Central (PMC).
  3. JSTOR: An electronic archive of academic journals and books going back to the early 1900s.
  4. PubMed (National Library of Medicine): A searchable database of biomedical literature that’s available via PubMed Central (PMC).


Google Scholar is a search engine that indexes scholarly literature across many disciplines, with a particular emphasis on the sciences. It’s been around since 2004, and it’s now the world’s largest academic search engine.

It’s great for finding articles that are relevant to your topic, but the downside is that you have to know the title of the article or at least some keywords from it. If you don’t know what you’re looking for, Google Scholar won’t be of much help.

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